|What would happen if Israel lost the War of Independence?|
How the Arab League could have won- Despite being a coalition the Arab League nations were not united militarily. They each fought their own battles and this loose alliance was emphasized with the fact that each nation signed their own armistice with Israel. More importantly Syria and Egypt had a history of bad relations which lasted even after the Arab-Israeli War. This fractured alliance allowed Israel to quickly defeat the Arab League with Israel's army being well experienced from World War Two just three years prior.
|A little map showing that Israel was literally surrounded|
Aftermath- The Arab League after its victory would set up Palestine where Israel should have been with a the victors making a small landgrab like Jordan taking areas of the West Bank and Egypt taking areas of Negev. However, the coalition would quickly disintegrate as without Israel they had no common enemy to unite them and border disputes from the landgrab and dominance over resources would lead to wars between the former allies. Nasser's coup in Egypt and Husni al-Za'im's coup in Syria would be postponed but not averted as the defeat of Israel would keep the public's support for the old regimes for a short while until the internal problems still cause the revolts. Internationally the public would be in sympathy for Jews with the Holocaust and the loss of Israel within the same decade, especially as the fall of Israel would displace millions of Jews who had been emigrating to the area since the proposal of a Jewish state in the 1920s. Any Jews remaining in the area would most likely be segregated in the same way Palestinians are now in our timeline. Although the immigration of Jews from Israel would increase the Jewish population in the Western nations like Britain, the USA and France but not to the USSR, (Stalin was anti-Semitic).
|The Cold War would be different in this scenario|
Post-Cold War- Both the First and Second Gulf Wars would be more difficult for the US and UK as well as the ensuing war in Afghanistan as in these wars Israel and Saudi Arabia acted as jump-off points for the coalition soldiers so unless the US made good relations with Palestine they would only have Saudi Arabia but nevertheless the Gulf War would easily be won and it is easy to imagine the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan would go the same. With initial influence from Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iraq and Lebanon Palestine would have a similar Republic system which would be undoubtedly overthrown in the Arab Spring with its close proximity to revolutionaries in Syria and Egypt as well as the drastic government change in Iraq after the US deposed Saddam Hussein so Palestine would become a teething democracy being propped up by the West.
This is one scenario about how our world would be like if Israel never became a true state. How would you imagine a world without an Israeli victory in 1948? Please leave comments and suggestions for another History in Focus, What If or Comics Explained. Thanks for reading.